The project aims at proposing management and remediation practices for hazardous industrial wastes in the 5 Western Balkan Countries, considering their effects on the environment and on human health. It concerns principally wastes from coal mining and coal processing plants, aluminium industry, and phosphate industry.
The primary ore for these industries contains
toxic substances that are concentrated in the industrial wastes. The harmful
elements from industrial wastes may come in contact with the general public
when they are dispersed in air or water, when they are dispersed on cultivated
soils, or when they are used for concrete building products, or as disposal
in engineered surface impoundments and landfills.
The project considers the environmental and the health risk resulting from the wastes and their by-products in their immediate neighbourhood, the risk from dispersal in the environment particularly through surface and groundwater, up to the absorption of toxic substances by agricultural and animal products and the contamination of the ecological chain.
The project proposes management and remediation practices, aiming at minimizing
risk at waste disposal sites, in accordance with EU legislation, as well
as an adapted legislation for waste management and environmental protection
in the WBC, referring to the existing Directives of the European Union.
The results of the project are distributed a.o. through: a project website on the Internet, the organisation of a short course on waste management practices, by making risk assessment methodology and best practices available to students, civil servants and the society, by promoting the establishment of an environmental network in the WBC, initially comprising the project partners, later extended to additional partners.